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BIO205 - Genetics
Catalog Description: Basic genetic concepts and topics. Structure, function, and interaction of DNA and RNA. Replication and mutation of DNA. Regulation of gene expression. Structure and function of eukaryotic cells, chromosomes, and their mutation. Transmission and inheritance of simple traits, molecular traits, and the calculation of molecule size through electrophoresis. Labs use breeding experiments and molecular biology. Current application of molecular genetics to mutations, populations, evolution, or disease and development may be discussed. Prerequisites: BIO 115 and CHE 101 with a grade of ‘C’ or higher.
Lecture: 3 hrs.
Lab: 3 hrs.
Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs):
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Design and carry out a genetic experiment and write a formal lab report.*
2. Explain the structure and function of DNA and RNA.
3. Compare and contrast the structures of prokaryotic and eukaryotic chromosomes.
4. Compare and contrast DNA replication, transcription, and translation in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.
5. Using examples from both prokaryotes and eukaryotes explain the importance of gene regulation.
6. Use a Punnett Square to determine possible genetic combinations between two individuals.
7. Describe how genetic mutations arise both at the gene level and at the chromosomal level.
8. Demonstrate applications of Population Genetics including Hardy-Weinberg and Chi Square analysis.
9. Describe how genetic traits are transmitted.
10. Explain and demonstrate basic genetic and molecular techniques in a laboratory setting.
* This course objective has been identified as a student learning outcome that must be formally assessed as part of the Comprehensive Assessment Plan of the college. All faculty teaching this course must collect the required data and submit the required analysis and documentation at the conclusion of the semester to the Office of Institutional Research and Assessment.
1. History of Genetics
2. Cell reproduction
3. Mendelian Genetics
5. Allelic interactions
6. Sex-determination and Sex-link conditions
7. Structure DNA/RNA
8. DNA Replication in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
9. Transcription and Translation in Prokaryotes and Eukaryotes
10. Bacterial Operons
11. Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic regulation of genes including activation and repression
12. Population Genetics
13. Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium / Probability / Chi Square analysis
14. Current biotechnology and genetic manipulation techniques
15. Ethics of genetic manipulation
Effective Term: Spring 2018