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BIO116 - General Biology 2
Catalog Description: Introduces evolutionary theory and the diversity of living things. Students will explore the scientific evidence for evolution and processes by which new species emerge. Special emphasis will be placed on the genetic, molecular, anatomical, and physiological characteristics that define and are used to classify plant and animal species. General Biology 1 and 2 are recommended to students transferring to any of the life sciences programs. (General Biology 1 and 2 are not sequential. Either may be taken first.). Prerequisites: High School Regents Biology completed with a 75 or higher or permission of instructor. Completion of the Genesee Community College reading and math proficiencies.
Lecture: 3 hrs.
Lab: 3 hrs.
Course Learning Outcomes (CLOs):
Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to:
1. Demonstrate and explain the methods which scientists use to explore evolution, including observation, hypothesis development, measurement and data collection, experimentation, and the evaluation of data in a laboratory setting.*
2. Describe the mechanisms of evolution and the scientific evidence that support evolution.*
3. Explain how genetic variation and barriers influence the evolution of populations.
4. Interpret, create, and explain phylogenetic trees and cladograms.
5. Explain how geology has influenced the evolution of life and understand how biogeography, the fossil record, and genetics provide strong evidence in support of evolutionary theory.
6. Explain the evolutionary history of plants and animals.
7. Explain the evolution of Homo sapiens from the last common ancestor with chimpanzees and our relationship to extinct hominin species.
8. Conduct scientific experiments to examine the evolution of extant species in a laboratory setting.
9. Describe the occurrence of derived characteristics that lead to the success of land colonization.
10. Show how embryonic development, genetic, physiologic, and biochemical similarity among related animal species supports evolutionary theory.
11. Explain how complex interactions of living organisms within their environment are the result of coevolution and lead to biodiversity in ecosystems.
* This course objective has been identified as a student learning outcome that must be formally assessed as part of the Comprehensive Assessment Plan of the college. All faculty teaching this course must collect the required data and submit the required analysis and documentation at the conclusion of the semester to the Office of Institutional Research and Assessment.
I. Introduction to the evidence for and principles of evolutionary theory
a. Speciation and types of selection
b. The fossil record and evolutionary clocks
c. Geology and biogeography
II. An evolutionary perspective on the classification of living things
a. Cladistics and molecular genetics
d. Plants, animals, and fungi
III. Human evolution
a. Fossil record
b. Consequences and contributing factors
c. Human influence on the Earth
Effective Term: Fall 2017